A serger sewing machine is a sewing machine used to finish seams and create finished edges or attach other pieces of fabric like patches or ribbons. Sergers stitch layers of fabric together quickly and securely with four or more “threads” at once. The term “serger” is an abbreviation for “overlock sewing machine.” It shares the same set of basic mechanics as overlock machines (also called cover stitch machines) and chain stitch machines.
Uses of serger sewing machine
- Sewing projects that require finishing on all sides usually require stitching by a serger. A few examples include garments, quilts, household linens such as curtains and tablecloths, and even baby diapers. Some people change out the serger blade on their home sewing machine to create a more finished edge. However, a serger is still the best tool for finishing projects quickly and with precision. Sergers can also stitch stretchy or difficult fabrics more rapidly than a home sewing machine because it feeds the material through at a much faster rate.
- Sewing threads used on sergers are usually all-purpose polyester or cotton thread in various colors because stretchy fabrics require special care when passing through the loopers (the area where stitches are formed) of the serger’s looper assembly. Different brands of sergers typically use different thread types in their machines, so consult your owner’s manual if you’re unsure how to load color-matched spools into your particular model.
- Specific models vary in design and use. Some sergers provide only the basic stitches and no other options, while others may offer a variety of fancy decorative stitches and multiple stitch functions in one sewing machine. The more advanced models typically cost more but are also easier to use.
Features of serger sewing machine
Sergers combine features of a sewing machine and a serging or overlock sewing machine. They stitch together two pieces of fabric while also simultaneously trimming and finishing the seam. Most commercial garments and some home clothing projects require seams to be completed this way.
We have all seen beautiful seams on garments and home sewing projects, but now you have the chance to sew them yourself with a serger. Sergers are essential to your workroom if you prefer projects with finished seams that do not unravel easily.
A serger machine works much like a sewing machine, using four or more spools of thread at once to create beautiful seams on knit fabrics for clothing, quilts, draperies, etc.
A serger machine works much like a sewing machine, using four or more spools of thread at once to create beautiful seams on knit fabrics for clothing, quilts, and draperies. First, prepare the fabric by folding it along the line where the seam will be sewn, right side together (RST), with wrong sides facing out. Thread all four spools through each color guide and set them as follows: one blue (front) needle, two purple (middle), and one red (rear).
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A sewing machine vs a serger
Sewing machines can sew plain straight stitches only. A serger makes overlock stitches. Overlock stitches are similar to plain straight stitches, but a serger also cuts the fabric as it sews. Sergers make overlock or chain stitch seams similar to plain straight seams, but they miss the seam allowance edges simultaneously – hence the name “overlock.”
At first sight, it may be dificult to see any difference in how ager operates compared to your standard sewing machine. They both have a needle, bobbin, presser foot, and thread tension settings, to name a few commonalities. The difference is that sergers have three or more threads instead of two. Two of the threads are used for the needle, and one is for a blade that comes with machine that trims away excess fabric as you sew, so you don’t have to take tention about getting your fingers too close to the action if you use a standard sewing machine without this blade feature.
Different types of sergers
- Serger machines are also known as overlock sewing machines. The machine uses multiple spools of thread and a three-knife trimmer to create solid and finished seams on knit fabrics. Some sergers can even be used to finish raw edges.
- A serger has needles to make stitches, but it also has an extra blade-like … They both sew upholstery fabrics, drapery fabrics, fabrics with stretch (like jerseys or knits), silk fabrics, knit fabrics, terry cloths, flannels, chenille.
- It has multiple spools of thread, so it can sew several stitches at once that bind the fabric’s raw edges to prevent them from fraying.
- A serger has needles to make stitches, but it also has an extra blade – like a mini-knife that trims the edge of your working fabric as you sew. So it’s ready to be turned.
- Sergers can also be used to finish raw edges. There’s no difference in the principles of sewing with either machine. The distinction is simply that sergers have an extra set of spindles and a blade so that they can sew over multiple layers at once.